GHADIR KHOM AND SUCCESSION IN ISLAM

ghadir2 (1)

November 3, 2012

Congratulations for all Muslims in celebration of Ghadir day . This is the day of the year 10 of al Hijra , 18th of al Hujja when The Holy Prophet of Islam -on his way back from Mekka where he had performed Hajj and triumphed over the enemies of God – was inspired to address his people regarding an urgent matter that could not wait . He was told that if this ur…

gent matter is not carried on all the previous achievements would be worth nothing يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَإِنْ لَم تَفْعَل فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ وَاللهُ يَعصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ ) (المائدة/ 67) “ O Messenger, announce that which has been revealed to you from your Lord, and if you do not, then you have not conveyed His message. And Allah will protect you from the people. Indeed, Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.” .
So did the Holy Prophet in the place called Ghadir Khom -which is a valley between Mekka and al Madina-addressing his people and leaving them his legacy after his death that he felt near and seeking to arrange for his succession .

Showing the way for the survival of the faithful , the Prophet told his people to abide by the two major legacies that he had left them : One of them provides the divine connection that is in the hands of God the Almighty and this is to be done through the Holy Kuran , and the other that the people provide to themselves by attaching themselves and being devoted to the progeny of the Holy Prophet .

It is in this message of Ghadir Khom that the Holy Prophet completed his religious message and mission and named his successor for leading the faithful. This successor was none other than Imamu ‘Ali , his cousin and the husband of his daughter Fatima who is the first to have surrendered to Islam after his wife Khadija.. By this the Holy Prophet had achieved his Holy mission .

Sunnis and Shi’as vary regarding the interpretation of what has happened at Ghadir Khum that day . And while both of them admit that such event took place , the Sunnis object that the other legacy mentioned -besides the Kuran -was not to show devotion to the Progeny of the Holy Prophet and take them as models -but to abide by the acts and words and life as lived by the Messenger of God and which constitutes the Sunna or the tradition that was implemented by him during his lifetime and which is to constitute a model for them – . This Sunna -meaning tradition – is from where the name Sunni originates . The Sunnis also object to the fact that the Holy Prophet named Imamu ‘Ali “as his successor and leader of the faithful after his death , they say that such thing did not happen and no successor was appointed , leaving the matter of succession unresolved . This is still a point of difference between the Sunnis and the Shi’as and a major one.

Advertisements
This entry was posted in religion and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s